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What is a Heating and Air Conditioning Split System?

Topics: Heating and Air Conditioning, HVAC Split System

What exactly is a HVAC split system? You may have heard of this term before — after all, it’s a popular choice for heating and air conditioning a home, but do you really understand what it means?

If you don’t, no worries. We’re explaining what a HVAC split system is and how to tell if it’s right for you.

First, let’s get the definition out of the way. A split system is a common choice when installing a central HVAC unit. It contains both an indoor and outdoor component. Have you ever driven by a building and seen a box on the outside that’s blowing out hot air? That’s the outdoor component, a.k.a. condensing unit.

The indoor unit is less conspicuous — you’ll normally find it in the basement, crawlspace, or large closet inside. It’s usually made up of a furnace and coil, or an air handler.

Now that you understand what a split system is, let’s get into the variables.

There are two common variations of a HVAC split system: a split system air conditioner, or a split system heat pump.

  1. Split System Air Conditioner

This can be paired with a furnace or air handler, though in colder climates (like the majority of Canada) opting to pair it with a gas furnace is usually the best bet. The most common heating and air conditioning set up you’ll see is a split system air conditioner and gas furnace with an evaporator coil resting on top. This provides year-round protection against varying temperatures, like we experience in Canada.

  1. Split System Heat Pumps

This works best in areas that get cold, but don’t often see temperatures below freezing. It can reverse the air conditioning process to provide heating power throughout your home.

How do you decide if a split system is right for you? The best way is to talk to your contractor or a qualified heating and air conditioning specialist. But in general, larger split systems are ideal for office buildings, hotels, schools, essentially any large-sized building. A smaller split system may work best in a small business, low-rise apartment building, retail outlet, or manufacturing facility.

The other type of HVAC system that is most commonly seen is a packaged unit — stay tuned for a future blog post where we answer what that means.

HomeBridge Canada does split system installation and more. We offer heating and air conditioning services across Barrie, Orillia, Innisfil, Midland, Coldwater, Bradford, Horseshoe Valley, Alliston, and more.

Contact us today: call 1-866-876-9986 or visit www.homebridgecanada.com.